On each island they captured, the Allies constructed air bases, allowing them to block any westward movement by the Japanese.
The target of the operation comprised some 90 ships that were anchored for this purpose in Bikini lagoon.
Religion After Christianity became well established in most major centres in Micronesia. People suffered occasional natural disasters, such as cyclones or droughts, but their goal after encountering one of these was to reconstitute the previous state of affairs.
Background[ edit ] Map of the Caroline Islands The Japanese occupied Micronesiaincluding the Caroline Islands, inand established Truk as a base as early as During this period, the Japanese population grew to overthroughout Micronesia, while the indigenous population was about 40, Trade was often with particular partners who regarded themselves as distant relatives.
A kind of delayed exchange took place at these events, as certain relatives were obliged to make presentations of food and goods in return for past or anticipated services. Production and technology The small groups of people who first settled the islands of Micronesia probably had few technical specialists among them.
US commercial rights on the island were secured by a special US-Japanese treaty to that effect, concluded on February 11, For more-detailed treatment of Oceanic artssee Oceanic art and architecture ; Oceanic music and dance ; Oceanic literature.
Throughout Japan, there was a widespread supposition especially with naval planners that they should be rewarded with the islands for their contribution to the war effort and for the security of the nation.
They generally had thatched roofs, low eaves, and poor ventilation. Short of sea power in the area, the British requested naval assistance from the Japanese government in eliminating this threat from enemy vessels.
The number and elaborateness of the meetinghouses were greatest in Palau and Yap. The remaining low islands to the west of Chuuk also show linguistic and cultural relationships to Chuuk, with the differences becoming more and more marked as distance increases.
Many kinds of fishing were practiced. Human sacrifice seems not to have been practiced.
Meanwhile, the Japanese were busy reinforcing and reorganizing their forces in the South Pacific in anticipation of an Allied offensive.
In addition to anchorages for warships, and port facilities for shipping between the home islands and the Southern Resources Area, five airfields and a seaplane base were constructed at Truk, making it the only major Japanese airfield within flying range of the Marshall Islands.
Specific land-tenure customs varied considerably from island to island, even among those with related cultures, but in general land was owned by extended families or lineages. The inhabitants of most of the low islands or atolls in Micronesia are culturally distinct from the high islanders, though the two groups are in contact with one another.Battle of Truk Save Operation Hailstone (known in Japan as Japanese: トラック島空襲 Torakku-tō Kūshū, lit.
"the airstrike on Truk Island") was a massive naval air and surface attack launched on February 16–17,during World War II by the United States Navy against the Japanese naval and air base at Truk in the Caroline Islands. WWII Wrecks of the Truk Lagoon. This is the most detailed assembly of Truk area island fortifications, down to every building, gun, searchlight and depot.
Below is an example, on page Mouse over the map tread descriptions of each location.
Each wreck has a complete background history, that begins with its construction and equally. History of Truk Lagoon The Navel Base. In describing this naval base, the word "impregnable" was often used while others compared it to Pearl Harbor or called it "Japan's mid-Pacific Gibraltar." Operation Hailstone was one of the most aggressive actions taken by U.S.
forces against the strongest of. History of Truk Lagoon Background. Micronesia is the collective name given for various island groups in the central Pacific including the Carolines and the Marshalls. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for World War II Wrecks of the Truk Lagoon at tsuki-infini.com Read honest and unbiased This book really gives the enthusiast all the background information you could need on operation hailstone and the wrecks of Truk Lagoon.
I would recommend this book to all divers and war history buffs. Truk remained effectively isolated for the remainder of the war, cut off and surrounded by the American island hopping campaign in the Central Pacific, which also bypassed important Japanese garrisons and airfields in the Bismarck Archipelago, the Caroline Islands, the Marshalls, and the Palaus.Download